In 2007, the estimated economic cost of diabetes was $174 billion. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, of this amount, $116 billion was direct medical costs and $58 billion was due to indirect costs such as lost workdays, restricted activity and disability due to diabetes.
Diabetes refers to how your body uses blood sugar, or glucose. Having diabetes, no matter which type, means that you have too much glucose in your blood. Having too much glucose can lead to serious health issues such as cardiovascular disease, nerve damage in the limbs, kidney damage, foot damage, skin conditions, hearing impairment and Alzheimer’s disease.
Diabetes was the seventh leading cause of death in the US in 2010.
An estimated 79 million adults aged 20 and older have prediabetes and most of them aren’t aware of it. Prediabetes is a condition where blood glucose levels are higher than normal, but not high enough to be called diabetes. Those with prediabetes are at risk of developing type 2 diabetes within the next 10 years.
People with type 2 diabetes either lose the ability to respond to insulin or their bodies no longer make enough of it. Insulin helps the body use glucose as fuel and without it, sugar builds up in the bloodstream. People with prediabetes belong to a large group of individuals with a condition known as insulin resistance syndrome, or IRS, in which the body gradually loses sensitivity to the blood-sugar-regulating hormone.
Individuals with IRS tend to have a family history of heart disease and diabetes, as well as a characteristic of obesity in which weight settles around the abdomen rather than below the waist, high levels of triglycerides in the blood, high blood pressure and low levels of “good” cholesterol.
The American Diabetes Association (ADA) recommends blood glucose screening if you have any of the above risk factors for prediabetes.
If you are diagnosed with prediabetes, healthy lifestyle choices can help bring your blood sugar levels back to normal or to help keep it from rising toward the levels seen in type 2 diabetes. Guidelines from the American College of Endocrinology suggest the following to treat prediabetes:
- Eat healthy foods. Choose foods low in fat and calories and high in fiber.
- Get more physical activity. Aim for 30 to 60 minutes of moderate physical activity at least five time a week.
- Lose excess pounds. If you’re overweight, losing five to 10 percent of your body weight can reduce the risk of developing type 2 diabetes.
At Health Concerns, we have a variety of formulas that can help you achieve and maintain a healthy weight, which in turn, helps your body regulate your blood glucose levels (click the formula name to view its monograph):
Everybody experiences digestive problems from time to time, but not everyone feels comfortable with discussing them. In 2009, there were 51 million visits to American physician offices, hospital outpatient and emergency departments with digestive disorders as the primary diagnosis, according to the Center for Disease and Control and Prevention (CDC).
This evidence suggests that digestive disorders are steadily becoming a problem. Below are eight of the most common digestive disorders many Americans experience.
Symptoms of reflux, such as heartburn, are among the most common of the digestive difficulties. In 2004, approximately 20 percent of Americans reported reflux symptoms that have occurred at least weekly. Frequent symptoms may indicate a person has gastroesophageal reflux disease, or GERD.
Heartburn is defined as a burning sensation in your chest, just behind your breastbone. “It may be accompanied by a sour taste in the mouth, hypersalivation, or even finding food or fluid in the mouth,” said Michael Gold, a gastroenterologist at MedStar Washington Hospital Center in Washington, D.C.
Peptic ulcers are open sores that develop on the inside lining of your esophagus, stomach and upper portion of your small intestine. According to the CDC, over 25 million Americans will suffer from an ulcer at one time in their lives. The most common symptom of a peptic ulcer is abdominal pain.
Every year, nearly 1 million Americans are diagnosed with gallstones. Gallstones are hardened deposits of digestive fluids, which are primarily made of cholesterol and bile salts. Only 25 percent of people with gallstones will require treatment.
Gallstones can vary in size from as small as a grain of sand to as large as a golf ball. Some people may develop only one gallstone, while others may develop multiple gallstones at one time.
Lactose intolerance, also known as lactose deficiency, is caused by a person’s inability to digest the milk sugar (lactose) in dairy products. Between 30 and 50 million Americans are lactose intolerant, with the majority affected being African-Americans, Asian-Americans and Native Americans.
Though symptoms are not deadly, they can be uncomfortable. Symptoms of lactose intolerance include cramping, bloating, gas, nausea and diarrhea.
Diverticulitis occurs when small, bulging pouches, called diverticula, form in your digestive system such as in your esophagus, stomach, small intestine and large intestine. Diverticula are common in people 40 and older, yet only 20 percent will experience complications.
Diverticulitis can cause severe abdominal pain, nausea, fever and a change in bowel habits.
Inflammatory Bowel Disease
Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) involves inflammation of part or all of your digestive tract. Two of the most common inflammatory bowel diseases are Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis.
Ulcerative colitis causes long-lasting inflammation in part of your digestive tract, usually in the innermost lining of your colon and rectum. Symptoms usually develop over time rather than suddenly.
Crohn’s disease causes inflammation anywhere along the lining of the digestive tract and spreads deeply into affected tissues. Symptoms involve abdominal pain, severe diarrhea and even malnutrition. The inflammation caused by Crohn’s disease can involve different areas of a person’s digestive tract in different people.
About one percent of the U.S. population has Celiac disease, which is an immune reaction to eating gluten, a protein found in wheat, barley and rye. Symptoms vary from person to person and may include abdominal pain, bloating, chronic diarrhea, vomiting, constipation and pale, foul-smelling or fatty stools.
According to the Mayo Clinic, constipation is described as having less than three bowel movements a week. Occasional constipation is common, but some people experience chronic constipation and may have difficulty going about their daily routine. Signs of chronic constipation include fewer than three stools passed weekly, lumpy or hard stools and straining to have bowel movements.
At Health Concerns, we have a variety of formulas that can help you treat a variety of symptoms for your digestive problems. These formulas include:
Obesity in America has become one of the most pressing health issues to date. From 2010 to 2012 alone, the proportion of obese adults aged 20 and over climbed from 23% to 34%. Obesity is widely defined as having a body mass index (BMI) of above 30. While BMI can be a fairly reliable tool, it does have some downsides (for example, many bodybuilders have very low body fat, but weights that result in a high BMI without being overweight or obese). The parameters of what constitutes obesity may get blurry at times, but there is little confusion over the fact that obesity can be detrimental to one’s health.
Obesity affects more women than men, leading to some unique challenges–namely, the ability to successfully conceive and deliver a healthy child. Nearly 36% of women of childbearing age are obese, and it can cause complications before, during, and after pregnancy. Even obese women who have never experienced any severe health problems can easily develop conditions ranging from hypertension to diabetes once they become pregnant. This, in turn, can have serious consequences for both the woman and the fetus–from premature birth to stillbirth or miscarriage.
For many women, losing weight is about more than simply conjuring enough willpower–even the American Heart Association has released new guidelines encouraging doctors to consider obesity as a disease, in and of itself. In fact, there is an effort nationwide to change the way doctors view pregnant, obese patients. The committee on ethics of the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists suggests that “obese patients should not be viewed differently from other patient populations that require additional care or who have increased risks of adverse medical outcomes.” Obese patients should be cared for “in a nonjudgmental manner,” it says, adding that it is unethical for doctors to refuse care within the scope of their expertise “solely because the patient is obese.”
It is known that obesity affects a disproportionate amount of women of lower socioeconomic status, as they lack access to healthy food choices and opportunities for regular exercise. While attempts at weight loss are best done before pregnancy, women who become pregnant should not cease them. Losing weight during pregnancy is not recommended, but obese women should aim to gain less weight than thinner women. This should be made a priority as babies of obese women are more likely to develop neural tube defects such as spina bifida and anencephaly. They are also more likely to suffer birth injuries such as shoulder dystocia, which may occur when the infant is very large.
High blood pressure, more common in obesity, can result in pre-eclampsia during pregnancy. Pre-eclampsia can damage the mother’s kidneys and cause complications with the child such as low birth weight, prematurity and stillbirth. Medical procedures such as sonograms also are more difficult to conduct with obese women. This can delay detection of abnormalities that may require careful monitoring or medical intervention.
Maintaining a healthy weight is important for everyone. However, considering the additional risks involved, it is particularly vital for women who are pregnant or may become pregnant. Health Concerns has a number of formulas designed to promote healthy weight. Please take a moment to explore the following formulas (click to view monograph):
*Herbs are generally not recommended for pregnant women.
Menopause is something that all women experience at some point in their adult life, which can make it frustrating to consider how treatment options have remained so limited for so many years. While the severity of symptoms vary on a case-by-case basis, many women can agree that the mood swings, hot flashes, and symptoms of vaginal atrophy–whether severe or mild–can cause disruption in everyday activities. For these reasons and more, many women are searching for a treatment option that proves safe and effective for relief from these potentially debilitating symptoms.
For years, health care professionals nation-wide executed a one-size-fits-all treatment plan for women going through menopause: hormone supplementation. By administering hormone therapy to women whose bodies were no longer producing significant levels of estrogen, doctors and researchers believed they had found the cure-all for menopause.
However, in 2002, the Women’s Health Initiative conducted clinical trials that led them to conclude that one of the most popular forms of hormone replacement therapy, (a combination of estrogen and synthetic progesterone) increased a woman’s risk of heart disease, stroke, certain types of cancer and blood clots.
While there has since been progress made (for instance, we now know that transdermal administration of estrogen with or without progestin is considered safer than oral administration), there is an undeniable call for more research. Any hormone treatment must be based on the individual case at hand and prescribed at the lowest possible effective dose for that individual. Other non-hormonal remedies have also been examined by healthcare professionals, but the scientific research behind these methodologies is still unclear.
For these reasons, many women are seeking a more natural approach to treating their more acute menopause symptoms. Some of these non-hormonal remedies include regular exercise and acupuncture, while many women found relief from increasing their daily intake of soy products and other fortified foods.
At Health Concerns, we have a variety of formulas that can help women address a variety of symptoms surrounding healthy aging and menopause maintenance. These formulas include:
Maintaining good bone health is an issue that people of a younger age demographic are having to consider. Research has shown us that a combination of genetics, environment, and individual factors all play a role in the development of both osteopenia and osteoporosis. Now, researchers and doctors are attempting to identify the best methods of preventative treatment for individuals displaying early symptoms of bone loss. Osteopenia, or secondary osteoporosis, is defined as being significantly below the normal bone density range, but not low enough to qualify for a diagnosis of full blown osteoporosis.
It’s important to identify and take steps to prevent bone loss early. Osteoporosis can sometimes appear to occur suddenly due to the fact that there are not real outward symptoms that stem directly from bone density deterioration. There are several factors that contribute to a loss in bone mass, some of which may be hard to avoid. Some chronic conditions and medicines can impact the ways in which a person’s body may react to processes such as Calcium and Vitamin D absorption.
Conditions like diabetes, cancer, rheumatoid arthritis, celiac disease, and inflammatory bowel disease (to name a few) can often cause symptoms of osteopenia and osteoporosis. Alternately, individuals taking certain medications, ranging from antidepressants to blood thinners, should also be aware of their increased risk of developing one or both of these conditions. Bone loss is more common in women, who make up an estimated 80% of all osteoporosis cases.
There are several steps that you can take to help prevent bone loss before and even after its occurrence. Some of these steps include (but are not limited to):
- Diet and regular exercise
- Quit smoking
- Limit your caffeine and alcohol intake
- Have regular bone density screenings
- Bone-building supplements
Additionally, eating foods rich in Calcium and Vitamin D can help reduce bone loss, according to WebMD. Some foods to add to your shopping list:
- Soy milk
When maintaining good bone health is a main priority for your patients, Health Concerns has a number of formulas that can help. Click each product name to view its monograph.
While the worst of the winter cold season is over, the summer can oftentimes bring a slew of viruses that can negatively affect your fun in the sun. Informing yourself of these pesky ailments can better ensure a more healthy lifestyle year-round. Many people assume that they know all they need to know about the common cold, but the reality is that many people aren’t positively informed about some of the most basic prevention and treatment methods.
Occasionally, you will hear people complain of illnesses lasting several weeks. While this may seem like an unusually long period of time to be sick with a cold, the truth is that most colds last an average of 2-14 days, while the residual cough can last up to 6 weeks. If your acute cold symptoms last longer than two weeks, you may consider seeing your health care practitioner to ensure that your cold hasn’t evolved into something more serious, like sinusitis.
Here are a few facts about the common cold that all people should be aware of. By informing oneself, you become better equipped to find a treatment plan that is best for you, should you become ill.
- There are more than 200 different viruses that cause colds, with new strains being identified regularly.
- Colds caused by viral infections cannot and should not be treated with antibiotics.
- Not all cold symptoms are signs of a viral infection–bacterial infections can cause many of the same aggravating symptoms.
- Adults who work or live with or around children are significantly more susceptible to catching a cold.
- External factors and certain lifestyle choices can impact your susceptibility, as well as the duration of a particular illness–reducing stress, regular exercise, restful sleep, and good hygiene can all help prevent illness and reduce the duration of symptoms.
- Adults get an average of 2-5 colds per year, while children can get as many as 10 per year.
There is no cure for the common cold, and as mentioned above, antibiotics should not be administered for a viral infection. To better treat the immediate symptoms associated with the common cold, there are a variety of over the counter tonics, sprays, and pills.
For those seeking a less invasive treatment plan, with less risk of pesky side-effects, Health Concerns has a variety of cold and flu formulas for just this purpose. Try one of the formulas below next time you feel the symptoms of a cold arise–the results won’t disappoint!
And for prevention during next year’s cold and flu season, try:
As many as 35 million Americans suffer from hay fever, more commonly known as pollen allergy. For allergy sufferers, the trees, grasses, weeds, and flowers that blossom during the Spring cause symptoms that can be quite severe in some people. Different people are allergic to different kinds of pollen, making them more sensitive during certain seasons. It is also common for many people suffering from allergies to react to multiple allergens.
This year, the rains in some areas have kept the pollen at bay, ensuring that this coming Spring allergy season will be shorter in duration, but more severe in nature. Symptoms of most pollen allergies include itchy, watery eyes and/or nose, sneezing, and congestion. For some people, direct contact with their allergen can cause them to break out in an itchy rash.
So what’s the solution? For many people, administering over the counter antihistamines is the first choice made in order to treat their immediate symptoms. Unfortunately, antihistamines can make some people extremely drowsy–an inconvenient side effect that many find unappealing. Below are some natural, alternative remedies for individuals with pollen allergies:
- saline nasal irrigation
- reduce your exposure as much as possible (keeping allergens out of your garden, for example)
- invest in a ventilation fan and/or a dehumidifier for indoor areas
- monitor daily pollen counts for your area
In addition to these simple at-home remedies, there are particular herbs that address the symptoms of pollen allergies:
- Milk Thistle
- Phleum pretense (for allergy sufferers with asthma)
The South was the first to be impacted by this year’s severe allergy season, followed shortly by the Northeast. Some cities have been hit harder than others, prompting people to seek relief sooner than usual.
At Health Concerns, there are several formulas that have a unique combination of herbs that can help treat the worst of allergy symptoms. You can find out more below by clicking on any of the links:
Western society places much emphasis on having “perfect” skin. While no one is perfect, maintaining healthy skin is important. Some of the most common skin conditions can be uncomfortable or even painful. In order to avoid painful symptoms like rashes, bacterial infection, and even sores, one must be able to first identify and then appropriately treat an outbreak at the first sign. Below is information on some of the most commonly seen skin conditions and how to successfully manage them.
Acne: According to the American Academy of Dermatology, acne is the single most common skin condition, affecting approximately 40 to 50 million people in the United States alone. While acne is typically associated with puberty and young adulthood, individuals can experience acne in near every age group. The most common causes for acne are:
- Enlarged, over-productive oil glands
- Blockage of the hair follicles that release oil
- An infection of the bacterium P. ances within the hair follicles
The best way to prevent acne is by using a gentle cleanser every day. For removal of excessive oil, benzoyl peroxide or salicylic acid are among the most commonly used Western treatments. For spot treatments, tea tree oil has proven to be an effective, natural remedy for many.
Eczema: There are various types of eczema, the most common form being atopic dermatitis, or atopic eczema. Symptoms of eczema include areas of skin that become red, inflamed, and irritated. Eczema is more common in children, although they often outgrow their symptoms by puberty. For those that don’t outgrow them, finding relief from symptoms is essential. Scratching an affected area can easily cause infection which could potentially making the condition worse. Creams and ointments that contain corticosteroids are commonly used in the Western treatment of eczema, as they can lessen inflammation. However, natural products like coconut oil can also be used for similar purposes, with fewer potential side effects.
Psoriasis: Psoriasis is a skin disorder in which the primary areas of the scalp, elbows, knees, and lower back are affected with red plaques covered with silvery scales. Psoriasis is not contagious, but it can be genetic. While the direct cause is unknown, psoriasis typically begins as small red bumps that expand and develop a scaly texture. The rash can become itchy, and itching may cause bleeding and irritation. Psoriasis can be treated medically with topical use of corticosteroids, but there are several alternative methods that can be used in the home with or in place of these medicated ointments.
Rosacea: Rosacea is a common skin condition for many people over 30. The exact cause of rosacea is unknown, but there are steps that can be taken to help prevent “flare ups.” Essentially, rosacea occurs when the blood vessels under the skin expand, giving skin a red, ruddy appearance. Typically, the face is the most affected part of the body. Oftentimes rosacea can irritate the eyes, making them appear red and watery. While many turn to their medical doctor for help, there are several factors that can be taken into account and modified to help ease the symptoms of rosacea.
Health Concerns has several products that can be used for a variety of acute and chronic skin conditions. You can find out more below by clicking on any of the links:
Stress is a difficult term to singularly describe because every person responds to stressful stimuli in different ways. Similarly, the effects of stress manifest in unique ways from one person to the next. What is known is that stress can have weighty physical consequences if left untreated. Blood clotting, increased heart rate and blood sugar have all been linked to unmanaged stress. Aside from the impact on your heart, stress can prove to aggravate the symptoms of diabetes, ulcers, and muscle and joint pain. While we may never be able to completely remove ourselves from the everyday hustle and bustle, there are ways to better identify and confront the major stressors in your life.
The way that we internalize and respond to stressful stimuli ultimately dictates how we let stress affect us. Listed below are several methods that you can practice to help you better cope with the stress in your life.
Identify your stress triggers. Learn what makes you tick. Start journaling! Tracking your stress level throughout the day may reveal some surprising discoveries about what causes you the most stress. This can allow you to take time to think about ways to better cope with and prepare for these situations.
Accept what you can’t control. Stress oftentimes comes in a form that is beyond our immediate control. Successfully coping with your stress may mean letting go of the things you cannot control in favor of finding proactive solutions to manage the situation at hand.
Meditation. A simple and commonly used relaxation and stress reduction technique. Meditation is great way to transfer yourself into the present moment, allowing yourself to release the pent up anxieties surrounding what has been or what could be.
Regular exercise. Exercise has been shown to activate you brain and improve your mood.
Get enough sleep. Poor sleep and stress often go hand in hand. Ensuring that you get a full night’s sleep may mean unplugging before bedtime.
Allow yourself some “down time”. Be sure to schedule some time away from work. Take time to do something just for you.
Alleviating stress is the first step in improving both your interpersonal wellbeing and your overall physical health. Health Concerns has a number of formulas that can be used to treat the painful symptoms of stress. Click each product to view the monograph.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reports that more than 1 in 10 women between the ages of 15 and 44 have an impaired ability to get pregnant. They also report that 6 percent of all married women are infertile. Americans spend $3-5 billion annually on fertility treatments according to some estimates. Infertility rates are declining among Americans, however. Although 6 percent of American women today are infertile, that’s much lower than 1982 when that number hovered around 8.5 percent.
Despite its slowly declining rate of incidence, infertility remains a huge, costly problem in the U.S. What can be done to fix it? Lots of things. Here are a few.
Stop drinking soda. Women who drink two or more servings of any type of soda (yes, this includes diet sodas) are about 16 percent less fertile than those who don’t.
Get some sleep. According to some studies, women that are undergoing IVF treatments see the best results when they are on a sleep regiment that allows for seven to eight hours of sleep each night.
Brush your teeth. While gum disease might seem insignificant, its presence can add an extra two months to the time it takes to becomes pregnant.
Exercise in moderation. It turns out that vigorous exercise five hours a week can make a woman 42 percent less likely to get pregnant than those who only exercise in moderation.
Watch less T.V. A study by Harvard University found that men who watch 20 or more hours a week of television have a lower sperm count by 44 percent than those who watch little or none.
Manage your anxiety. It’s simple: if you are too stressed, you will stop ovulating.
Give up gluten. Recently, Columbia University conducted a study that suggested 6 percent of infertile women have celiac disease, which causes their bodies to produce antibodies that may interfere with placenta development. Those in the study that went on to eat a gluten-free diet were able to conceive within a year.
Lose weight. Men who are overweight or obese are more likely to have lower sperm counts and concentrations.
Quit smoking. If you needed yet another reason to quit, smoking leads to lower sperm quality.
Of course, sometimes these steps aren’t enough and formal medical assistance may be required. Health Concerns formulas and educational resources that can help address both male and female infertility issues. Explore the links below for more information: